Dr. Amro Hassan
National Centre for Research
BiographyDr. Amro Babiker Hassan, currently working as Researcher (Associate Professor) at the National Centre for Research (NCR), Environment and Natural Recourses and Desertification Research Institute, (ENDRI), Khartoum- Sudan. He received a B.Sc. in Agricultural Sciences in 2001 and M.Sc. in Food Science and Technology in 2004 from the University of Khartoum, Sudan, and obtained a PhD in Agricultural Sciences in July 2012 from Georg-August University Goettingen, Germany. He's working in the research field of agricultural science particularly, food science, food chemistry and food safety since graduation in 2001. Since graduation, I have published more than 40 research article in peer-reviewed academic journals, besides attending many conferences and short courses in Germany, Netherlands, India, China and Sudan. I also obtained a PhD Scholarship from the German Exchange Service (DAAD) from 2008 – 2012. Additionally, in 2013, I have awarded the African Union AU-TWAS Young Scientist National Prize. In 2018, I obtained a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Bern in the Department of Science with a specialization in Food Safety granted from the Swiss Government. His research interests are the development of an interdisciplinary research program that will meet local and national needs for value-added agricultural products and address such issues as food safety and the development of novel processing technologies. His Current researches focus on the application of thermal treatments methods such as Microwave heating, gamma radiation and solar energy to disinfect food, drinking water and wastewater.
Application of Solar in food technology for controlling pests in stored productsWorldwide, post-harvest losses, due to the infestation of stored pests, cause significant economic loss to agricultural producers, either through direct damage by feeding or product contamination and by the cost of control. The percentage of annual post-harvest loss of the stored products due to the pest infestation was estimated as 20 % in developed countries and about 30% in developing countries. Most of the agricultural products are grown for domestic consumption either directly, or to produce byproducts. However, as these crops are grown annually, there is a need to store them for 6 to 9 months. Due to the adverse climatic conditions of high temperature and humidity insect infestations and quality damage to the stored products are occurred. Therefore, maintain insect-free storage is one of the biggest problems facing seasonal crops in the developing countries. The efficient control of insects in stored products has long been the main objective of processors who are always looking for safer and more economical methods. Generally, chemical fumigation is used to control insects in postharvest agricultural products. However, these chemical treatments are not only harmful to workers, consumers and the environment, but they can also increase resistance in the pest population. Therefore, the food industry has been forced to explore non-chemical alternatives to control insect pests in agricultural products. Thermal disinfestation seems to be the ideal solution due to the wide market acceptance by being residue–free. However, this technology would be more affordable if less energy is used during the process since energy constitutes a major part of the costs. The sustainable use of energy, can diversify energy supply, reduce dependence on imported fuels, minimize environmental degradation and improve life quality. Solar energy, provided by the sun, is constantly replenished and does not produce harmful pollution. Solar energy can be converted directly or indirectly into other forms of energy, such as heat. Therefore, the potentiality of solar energy for controlling heat tolerant insects’ pest in stored products without adverse damage on their quality to contribute in solving stored grain losses Synopsis Dr. Amro Babiker Hassan Eltayeb [email protected] National Center for Research, Environment and Natural Recourses and Desertification Research Institute, (ENDRI), P.O. Box 6096. Khartoum - Sudan problem, especially in tropical countries should be investigated. Through this objective, three major tasks will accomplish: 1) Minimize the application of chemical fumigants to control insect pests of stored agricultural crops; 2) develop effective, environmentally friendly, and chemical free pest control methods based on solar energy; 3) application of the new technologies, and help the food industries in developing counties in implementing the new technologies to maintain sustained domestic and international competitiveness.